Progress of the realization of Millennium Development Goals in the Republic of Serbia
In the year 2000, along with 189 member states of the United Nations, Serbia adopted the Millennium Declaration that stated the basic values which should be used as a foundation for international relations in the 21st century: freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, respect of nature and sharing responsibilities. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that came out of this Declaration are the following:
1. eradication of extreme poverty and hunger;
2. accomplishment of universal primary schooling;
3. promotion of gender equality and empowerment of women;
4. reduction of child mortality;
5. improvement of maternal health care;
6. combat against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and other diseases;
7. protection and improvement of the environment; and
8. development of global partnerships for growth.
These Millennium Development Goals were incorporated into the National Poverty Reduction Strategy, which was adopted in 2003. Three years later, the Government of the Republic of Serbia has adopted a report called “National Millennium Development Goals,” in which the global MDGs and indicators were adapted for national development priorities and harmonized with the existing national development strategies and regulations.
The basic purpose of this report is to monitor the progress of realization of the national MDGs as well as the indicators used to measure the achievement of these goals, from the last MDG Report to today, i.e. in the period between 2005 and 2008.
The report also provides conclusions and recommendations on what should be done in order to achieve the set Millennium Goals. In addition, the recommendations refer to the need to monitor new indicators that can be calculated based on the existing data, as well as to the need to implement additional research in order to have a better way of monitoring the progress of MDGs realization.