UNDP strengthens national capacity to manage the environment in a sustainable manner. Through our country team we help our partners build their capacity to integrate environmental considerations into development plans and strategies, establish effective partnerships, secure resources, implement programmes to support sustainable, low-carbon, climate-resilient development pathways, and build local capacity to better manage the environment and deliver services, especially water and energy.
Serbia adopted a National Strategy on Sustainable Use of Goods and Resources in May 2012 and started the process of aligning its national biodiversity planning to support the implementation of the UN Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) 2011-2020 Strategic Plan. Action Plan for the CBD Program of Work on Protected Areas has been prepared and submitted to the CBD. Acting on the countries’ requirements under the CBD to increase the areas designated for the protection, three new protected areas have been proclaimed in December 2011; and another protected area became a wetland of international importance.
In 2012, Serbia made commitments to increase the share of renewable energy sources (RES) in its overall energy consumption from 21.1% to 27% in 2020. With the acceptance of this EU binding 2020 target and as a member of European Energy Community, Serbia will be able to participate in all cooperation mechanisms foreseen by the respective EU Directive. The National Renewable Energy Action Plan is under preparation, and once adopted is foreseen to provide a detailed road map for Serbia to reach the targets.
The EU progress report for 2012 assessed that the administrative procedures for issuing construction permits, licensing and network connections are the biggest obstacle to the promotion of RES . Progress on increasing energy efficiency in the energy, public and household sector continues to stagger, and electricity generation and distribution in particular needs further investments to secure resilience and alignment with international standards. The amended Law on Energy also led to the closure of the ‘Energy Efficiency Agency’; at the moment there is no state institutions which can provide technical support to energy efficiency and RES interventions in Serbia.
Serbia continued to adhere to its commitments under the UN Climate Change Convention throughout 2012. The preparation of the Second National Communication on Climate Change, building on the Initial one adopted in 2010, has been initiated in late 2012.
UNDP increased its advocacy and assistance in the area of renewable energy sources (RES), reducing of energy consumption and GHG emissions, and improving the management of protected areas for safeguarding of biodiversity.
UNDP updated guidelines for investors, providing road maps towards investment and construction. The government issued 62 new energy permits in 2012, increasing installed capacity by 60 MW; 22 producers obtained the status of ‘privileged power producer’.
UNDP supported the developing of a Sustainable Urban Transport Plan for Belgrade that will decrease metropolitan emissions and increase energy-efficiency .
UNDP promoted bicycling and alternative mobility through outreach and awareness campaigns.
Improved road safety standards for selected elementary schools allow children to more safely walk to and from their schools – which in turn will contribute to a decrease of traffic congestion and reduction of metropolitan GHG emissions.
As a result of UNDP’s support to awareness-raising on biodiversity and protected areas and their related tourism potential, revenue increased in 19 protected areas in 2012, as reported in the Protected Areas Financial Scorecard.