Making urban mobility safer, healthier and more efficient
Urban transport is one of the main air polluters. It accounts for more than 40% of greenhouse gases emissions in urban areas. Many cities in the EU are facing the same problem.
“Belgrade has nearly 2 million people who daily commute and circulate in the City. It is constantly faced with high demographic pressure and migrations from rural areas and less developed regions and uncontrolled urban development.”, says Mr. Zoran Rubinjoni, Executive Director of Land Development Agency.
- As a merit to the UNDP project, the Serbian national authorities took the initiative to broaden the scope of actions in the transport sector for the programming cycle 2014/17 by involving the urban transport and promoting its sustainability as a step that works for the alignment of Serbia to the EU
- Based upon the work done by UNDP and the well prepared planning phase (first out of four) of the SUTP, EBRD granted a loan to the City to complete the entire Plan
- Other cities Serbia wide expressed great interest in the UNDP achievements and attended the international conference on sustainable urban transport planning organised by UNDP mid May this year
Resolving the problem of sustainable transport in Belgrade is a remarkable and complex challenge.
Through UNDP’s project “Sustainable Urban Transport Planning of Belgrade”, implemented in partnership with the City of Belgrade (through the Land Development Agency and the City Secretariat for Transport), and under the auspices of the Ministry of Energy, Development and Environmental Protection of Serbia, the City of Belgrade received support in the preparation of all necessary measures to lead to systemic changes in the planning process. To tackle the traffic and urban problems of a modern city, it is necessary to establish a strategic and systematic approach to planning, which simultaneously takes into account social, economic and environmental aspects of an agglomeration. These plans are better known to the scientific community in Europe as a Sustainable Urban Mobility (or Transport, SUTP) plans.
The City of Belgrade has already taken the first step in dealing with the main urban challenges that affect the environment, economy and social context. IWith the support provided by the GEF and UNDP in Serbia, a process of preparing the first phase of SUTP for Belgrade was initiated.
The SUTP is a new policy tool that integrates the urban mobility and transport systems into environmental context by at the same time addresses the economic and social aspects.
The SUTP of Belgrade goes beyond the need to respond by managing road traffic flows and their impacts, but also provides economic and social cohesion through demographic changes that shape the structure of the city. The SUTP is therefore a valuable tool for overcoming legal, financial, social, and cultural barriers that may hamper the development and implementation of a sustainable urban mobility system.
“The City authorities in the last decade, and especially in the past year, are placing urban transport problems and challenges high on their list of priorities. Serbia has recognized these problems not only at local but also at national level and supports these and similar initiatives aimed at combating climate change through its participation in the process of European integrations and as a signatory of international conventions related to climate change”, says Mr Rubinjoni.