How does Serbia rank in Human Development?Mar 23, 2017
Substantial progress on average has been made since the 1990 across educational attainment, health status, and income levels, but beneath the averages, it is clear that a significant number of lives have been scarcely touched by that progress – this is one of the main messages of the new Human Development Report 2016 entitled “Human Development for Everyone” that has been published this week.
This Human Development Report focuses mainly on those who have been left behind by development progress over the past 25 years, and discusses ways that exclusion can be overcome. Ensuring that development progress is broadly shared is not just the right thing to do; it is essential to building and sustaining the foundations for the peaceful, just, and inclusive societies envisaged in the 2030 Agenda.
What can be done to reduce the inequalities?
The Report calls for policies and programs which promote human development that designed for and reach everyone, including those who have been left behind. Another step is recognizing that the most disadvantaged need extra assistance to overcome discrimination. Finally, making human development progress more resilient. A range of shocks – from natural disasters and epidemics to economic crises and conflicts – can reverse hard won development gains, and they generally hit vulnerable and marginalized groups the hardest. By building resilience into development pathways, including through stronger social protection systems and effective risk management, countries can mitigate against shocks and development setbacks.
Human Development in Serbia
Human Development is measured by Human Development Index (HDI) - a summary measure for assessing progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.
Serbia’s HDI value for 2015 is 0.776— which put the country in the high human development category—positioning it at 66 out of 188 countries and territories. The rank is shared with Costa Rica.
Between 1990 and 2015, Serbia’s HDI value increased from 0.714 to 0.776, an increase of 8.6 percent. Between 1990 and 2015, Serbia’s life expectancy at birth increased by 3.5 years, mean years of schooling increased by 2.8 years and expected years of schooling increased by 2.0 years. Serbia’s GNI per capita decreased by about 15.6 percent between 1990 and 2015.
The first Human Development Report in 1990 began with a simple, yet powerful idea: that “people are the real wealth of nations”. The human development concept defines development in terms of enlarging people’s choices and capabilities to live lives they value. It puts people at the centre of development, both as its drivers and its beneficiaries. The Human Development Index which accompanies each global report has indicators for income, education, and health status in order to give a more balanced picture of progress than measuring by GDP per capita alone can.